Several other factors influence precisely how long fentanyl stays in a person’s system. These include the following:
- Weight and height
- Body fat and mass
- Food consumption
- LIver functionality
- Metabolic rate
- Dosage amount
- Duration of use
- Use of other drugs, such as heroin
Facts About Fentanyl
Fentanyl is a powerful painkiller, and when used In a hospital setting, it is often for the treatment of severe pain and general anesthesia.
As a prescription drug, it is indicated for moderate to severe pain, cancer, or palliative care. As noted above, it is only administered slowly through the skin by a transdermal patch or ingested orally as a lozenge/lollipop.
Most fentanyl found on the street, however, is not diverted from patients or hospitals. Rather, it is manufactured in China or Mexico and illicitly-obtained from dealers or the Internet. Frequently, fentanyl is found laced with heroin, cocaine, and other drugs, most often unbeknownst to the user.
Fentanyl works by increasing dopamine, a feel-good chemical in the brain. It invokes feelings of euphoria and relaxation and can result in complete sedation. Due to this fact, fentanyl, like heroin, has a high potential for addiction, and its potency puts users at a profound risk of overdose and death.
Common street names for fentanyl include china white, dance fever, apache, TNT, goodfella, murder 8, and tango.
Currently, fentanyl is responsible for the deaths of thousands of people in the United States each year, and by some estimates, may be involved in half of all overdose deaths nationwide.
According to a recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Forensic Laboratory Information System (NFLIS) estimated that drug submissions that tested positive for fentanyl more than doubled from 2015-2016, increasing from 14,440 to 34,119. This trend continued into 2017, with more than 25,000 reports in the first six months of 2017 alone.
Symptoms of a fentanyl overdose include:
- Impairments in thinking, speaking or walking
- Blue or purple-colored lips, fingernails, or extremities
- Choking sounds
- Small pupils
- Low blood pressure (hypotension)
- Slowed heart rate
- Labored breathing
- Respiratory arrest
Treatment for Fentanyl Addiction
Treatment for heroin and fentanyl addiction begins with a medical detox that includes opioid replacement therapy and around-the-clock clinical supervision. Detox is closely followed by long-term intensive therapy and counseling at our center.
We offer both inpatient and outpatient treatment, which includes the following services:
- Psychotherapies such as behavioral therapy
- Individual and group therapy
- Individual and family counseling
- Medical support and psychiatric services
- Holistic practices such as yoga, music, and art therapy
- 12-step meetings